Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is the Pride of Kaziranga National Park and the State of Assam in India. Enlisted as an endangered species in the IUCN Red list, there are a total of about 3000 Indian One Horned Rhinoceros alive in the World out of which 2000 are present in the Kaziranga National Park alone. The Kaziranga National Park has the highest Population of Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World! Kaziranga is considered as the last stronghold of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species in the World.

Apart from Kaziranga National Park, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is distributed along the stretch of the Indo-Gangetic plain and in the Terai Reserve in Nepal. In Assam, the population of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros can also be found at the Manas National Park, the Orang National Park and the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is found across the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam and in certain wildlife areas of Nepal. In Assam, Kaziranga National Park is famous for its Rhino conservation and with a population of over 2400 at present, Kaziranga is home to the highest population of Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World. The success story of Rhino conservation at Kaziranga is a result of years of prolonged hard work that has resulted in the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros being the flagship species of the National Park drawing visitors from across India and abroad. Although with many conservation systems in place these Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species still face a continuous threat from poachers who hunt them down for its prized horn. An Indian One Horned Rhinoceros horn in the black market trade fetches millions of dollars as there are myths of this being used in traditional medicines that can cure a wide variety of ailments.

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Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam

Description:

More than a meter wide, 180 cm. at the shoulder and weighing as much as two (2) tonnes the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is a primary attraction at the Kaziranga National Park drawing over 1,00,000 visitors to the park every year. In size, the fully grown male Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are larger than females in the wild, weighing from 2,200 to 3,000 kg. Female Indian One Horned Rhinoceros weigh about 1,600 kg. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros has a single horn which is made of pure keratin and is naturally black in color. Another distinctive characteristic of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park is its thick, silver-brown skin which becomes pinkish near the large skin folds that cover its body. Males develop thick neck-folds. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart-like bumps. It has very little body hair, aside from eyelashes, ear-fringes and tail-brush.

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Indian Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park Tour

Diet and Behaviour:

The diet of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros consists almost entirely of grasses which is available in abundant at Kaziranga National Park. Grass is the Rhino’s favorite food and the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros consumes prodigious quantities of plant matter to support its bulk. At times, they also eat leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruits, and submerged and floating aquatic plants. Feeding mostly during the mornings and evenings they use their prehensile lips to grasp grass stems, bend the stem down, bite off the top, and then eat the grass. Nevertheless the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park is a delicate feeder. A favorite food is a short but nourishing grass ‘lokosa’, which grows in low-lying areas and the perennial ox-bow ‘beels’. Not surprisingly, the highest density of rhinos exist in the southwestern range of the Kaziranga National Park where short grass meadows are most extensive. Kaziranga’s Rhinos also feed on the longer grasses when they are tender. A creature of habitat, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga usually follows well-frequented walking tracks or ‘dandis’ from its wallows to favored feeding grounds. When such ‘dandis’ pass through tall grasslands, the animal’s body creates a sort of tunnel that it and other animals may use for extended periods. The Indian Rhinoceros drink for a minute or two at a time, often imbibing water filled with rhinoceros urine.

As far as their behavior is concerned, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros are mostly solitary creatures. These Indian One Horned Rhinoceros live in tall grasslands and riverine forests but due to habitat loss they have been forced into more cultivated land. Dominant males tolerate males passing through their territories except when they are in mating season, when dangerous fights break out. They are active at night and early morning. They spend the middle of the day wallowing in lakes, rivers, ponds, and puddles to cool down. The Indian Rhinoceros species are very good swimmers.

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Majestic Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India

Poaching and their Conservation:

With the rapid development of the places across India conflict between man and animals in the wild have become a common occurrence. People without having much information about the threats of an animal tend to cause harm to it fearing for their own life. This has also impacted many of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India with Kaziranga National Park being no exception. Regular farming across the lands adjacent to Kaziranga make encounter between humans and animals a regular occurance. Also, illegal grazing, floods and erosion aggravated by human landscape intervention are few of the problems that hurt the population of wildlife at Kaziranga National Park. Still the beauty of Kaziranga National Park remains one of the most vital wildernesses which attracts over 1,00,000 visitors to the National Park every year.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros that is seen at the Kaziranga National Park was once distributed all over the upper gangetic plains and the Brahmaputra valley. However, due to poaching and not effective management of natural resources, their numbers are now confined to areas in and around Kaziranga National Park mostly in Assam. But their survival here is still a challenge due to land encroachment and activities of the poachers. Kaziranga National Park becomes accessible to poaches because of the wide natural boundary of the River Brahmaputra in the north. With lack of adequate manpower, poachers across the Kaziranga National Park through the northern banks mostly. Poachers to the Kaziranga National Park hunt for ivory, skins, tiger bones and the most prized Rhino horn. Although, there are several anti-poaching camps set up the poachers still find a way to access the vast forest reserves of Kaziranga and get successful in capturing the Rhino horn which make the population of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park.

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Majestic Horn of an adult Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India

Poaching for Indian One Horned Rhinoceros horn became the single most important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino after conservation measures were put in place from the beginning of the 20th century, when legal hunting ended. The Horn of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park doesn’t contain a core of bone and is instead a closely matted mass of keratin fibers. Though the horn can be easily removed, poachers still hack through the bone of the Rhinoceros at Kaziranga. On an average, the Kaziranga Rhino horn will be around 20 cm. long and weighs 720 gm. The human obsession with the rhino horn has become a death warrant for the species. The horn has been traditionally used in Chinese medicines and is falsely reputed to cure ailments like high fever, food poisoning, headaches and numerous other ailments including improvement of male libido. In earlier days, the royals drank from the cups crafted from Rhino horns as they believed it could detect poisons.  Many people still fall for such beliefs that has created a marker for trade for these precious horns. Although International Trade involving Rhino horn has been banned, a black market continues to thrive.

From 1980 to 1993, 692 rhinos were poached in India. In India’s Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, 41 rhinos were killed in 1983, virtually the entire population of the sanctuary. By the mid-1990s, poaching had rendered the species extinct there. Lack of adequate manpower to protect the boundaries of the wide area of the Kaziranga National Park has been the prime reason for the vulnerability. However, the local government’s ensures to put in adequate efforts every year to protect these species. A network of several strategically located anti-poaching camps have been established which in tandem with foot patrols and intelligence gathering is improving the protection steps towards the conservation of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at the Kaziranga National Park.

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One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park. Image Credits: Jayanta Gohain

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Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park. Image ~ Mauro Roscini

A majestic beast, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species of Kaziranga National Park is an odd-toed ungulate having three toes on each foot. This enables the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species of Kaziranga National Park to be agile and fast runners often running up to 50 km/hr for short durations of time and also short distances. However, Rhinos charge when they feel threatened otherwise, they are lazy and prefer to spend half of their time mostly submerged under water. Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park can also dive and feed underwater keeping their eyes, nose and ear above water. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park have a very superb sense of hearing and smell but have a relatively poor eyesight. Rhinoceros have an active sense of territory they mark it with urine and dung. While the female and calves prefer to stay together in small groups, the male rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are mostly solitary creatures. Indian Rhinoceros species live for more than 40 years in the wild but in captivity they are known to live up to  an age of 47 years.

Mating of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is an interesting phenomenon where the mating time between a male and a female rhinoceros lasts for several hours and in the end the male rhinoceros leaves the female rhinoceros. The gestation period is around 15-16 months while the interval between birth ranges from 3 to 4 years. In general cases, only one single baby rhino is born. The mother rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park will generally stay with their calves for four years from birth at times til the new calf is born. In general, the adult male rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park is a solitary animal. However, during the monsoon seasons, the Indian Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park form short term groupings near the forest wallows and also during the months of March and April. At times, one can spot a group of up to 10 rhinos typically with a dominant male with females and calves.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are friendly creatures often known to greet each other by waving its head, nuzzling noses or licking and they can be seen running around playfully in a herd. The fights between two rhinoceros occurs at Kaziranga National Park during the mating season and they often use their teeth to injure the other rhino to gain dominance over the female species.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park have a wide variety of vocalizations like snorting, howling, bleating, roaring, growling, runtling, etc. with which these species convey their expressions or call out each other. The adult male often urinates backwards often in response to being disturbed while they defecate in large dung piles. Male Rhinoceros with their strong sense of smell often sniff around dung piles to follow the scent of the females.

 

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Visitors capture an amazing moment with the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Pride of Assam ~ the One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Pride of Assam ~ the One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Grandeur of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Majestic Capture of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Close up of the Prized Horn of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Endangered One Horned Rhino Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Endangered Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Indian One Horned Rhinoceros Grazing in the Wild at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

Kaziranga National Park Rhino, Kaziranga Assam, Kaziranga Safari, Assam Tourism
Welcome to the Kaziranga National Park ~ the Abode of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the Pride of Assam ~ the Majestic Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

               +91 7086873676

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Birdwatching at Kaziranga National Park

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism

The Kaziranga National Park is a bird watchers paradise. The Woodland of Kaziranga is divided into three main types – Riparian Fringing Forest, Dillenia Swamp Forest and Assam Alluvial Plains Semi-evergreen Forest. In these Woodlands, almost 478 species of birds (both migratory and resident) have been spotted, including 25 globally threatened and 21 near threatened species. The park has also been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International for the conservation of the avifaunal species.

The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is one of the finest birding destinations in the World! Every year thousands of birds from around the world migrate to the Kaziranga National Park making it a paradise for ornithologists and bird lovers. As per records, over 470 species of birds have been recorded here at the Kaziranga National Park. With the details of the varied species mentioned in the list below, it can be said that for birding there is no off season at the Kaziranga National Park forests. What creates this rich diversity of birds at Kaziranga is the overlap of the Indomalayan zoo-geographic realms. Kaziranga’s forests is home to all the green pigeon species in India as well as the Hornbill species of the Great Indian Hornbill and the Oriental Pied Hornbill as well.

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The Lesser Adjutant Stork at Kaziranga National Park in your Birding Tour of Kaziranga

While the most common water birds like the Egrets, Herons and Cormorants are to be easily spotted in and around the areas of the Kaziranga National Park, several other species like the Openbills and the Finn weavers nest on the Bombax trees here. Several species of Kingfisher birds like the Ruddy Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher and the White Throated Kingfisher nest around the wetlands and forest habitats of the Panbari forest of the Kaziranga National Park. The Storks rule at Kaziranga mostly along the alluvial floodplains. Several species of Cuckoo like the Drongo-Cuckoo, Plaintive Cuckoo are the real soundmasters of the forests of Kaziranga National Park. The winters at Kaziranga National Park bring in huge flocks of migratory guests to the park of the likes of Great Headed Canary, Red throated flycatcher, Grey-backed shrikes, etc. While in the month of April and May the Summer migrants start arriving at Kaziranga. Along with Yellow bitterns and Cinnamon bitterns certain species of Pond Herons, the Black Necked Crane, Lesser Adjutant Storks can be seen flying around the marshes, wetlands and beels of the Kaziranga National Park. Some of the Raptor bird species to be seen at Kaziranga are Eagles, Vultures, Harriers, etc. Kaziranga is most desired for the Bengal Florican species; a bird whose mating flight is an amazing and wondrous experience to sight here!

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Black Necked Stork at Kaziranga National Park on your Birding Tour of Kaziranga

Wildlife photography is an art of documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat. Nature photography is taken in outdoors and devoted displaying natural elements such as landscapes, wildlife, birds, natural scenes and texture. When it comes to Kaziranga National Park, it is very rich in faunal diversity and also it is like a paradise for researchers, travellers, wildlife lover and wildlife photographer. Once in a lifetime as a wildlife photographer one should visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Kaziranga National Park. Basically in Kaziranga National Park in Assam, one will get more experience in grassland, wetland and woodland. In wetland, different migratory ducks are being found from November – February.

As I have a keen interest in the field of wildlife and birds photography, I can assure that any wildlife photographer and wildlife enthusiast can get the endangered species of mammals in the World Heritage site Kaziranga National Park, Assam. In Assam, about 691 approx. bird’s species are found out of which 478 species are recorded only in Kaziranga National Park. As per forest official census 4 Golden Tigers have been spotted at Kaziranga National Park, Assam and 118 Royal Bengal Tigers has been recorded which has the highest density of Royal Bengal Tigers in the country. But, from my past experience it is quite difficult to spot a Royal Bengal Tigers due to the tall elephant grassland of Kaziranga. In Kaziranga National Park, about 2413 approx. One horned Rhinoceros has been recorded and 2/3rd of the world total Rhino population. Here are some of the endangered species found in National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Reserved Forest of Assam – Bengal Florican, Rufous- Necked Hornbill, White- Winged Duck, One- Horned Rhino, Bengal Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Gee’s Golden Langur, Pygmy Hog, Assam Rabbit, Assam Roofed Turtle.

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Red-Whiskered Bulbul at Kaziranga National Park on your birding tour of Kaziranga

What makes wildlife and bird photography complicated is that you can’t tell animals where to go and what to do. The decision you make rely heavily on what your subjects are doing. The most challenging factor of any professional photographer is as below:

1) Due to tall elephant grassland (Nov-Jan) it is difficult to spot some of the endangered species for making a perfect composition with the natural habitat. The forest department burns the 20% grassland of Kaziranga National Park of buffer zone and other parts of core area till Jan last week. So it is quite easy to get the highest possibilities of some endangered species from Feb first week to April last week.

2) A photographer should carry minimum 200-500mm lens for any kind of birding photography in Assam. If the camera body is in fx format than it will be very effective and helpful to any professional wildlife and birding photography. In some cases, teleconverter is very essential for close-up and to capture other distance shots.

3) Due to lack of light condition in woodland area, a photographer finds it difficult to capture the best moments. Early morning is the best time to capture the migrated and rare birds of any forest in Assam.

To Plan your Birding Tour at Kaziranga National Park please fill the form below ~

A Photographer should respect the Mother Nature and should love the inhabitants of the nature. The wildlife photographer should not interrupt any natural phenomena that occur within the natural environment. While capturing wildlife subjects a photographer should not disturb any wildlife species and should maintain silence.  It shows respect to the wildlife species in their natural habitats. If the shooting location is in remote areas of Assam, it is advisable to take or hire a professional guide who knows the area very well. This basic knowledge of the environment is beneficial for your own safety and it’s easy to encounter the endangered wildlife species. Thus, this protocol will help a photographer to get the best shot to fill the frame with the chosen subjects.

The Species of Avifauna found at Kaziranga National Park in Assam are as below:

  • Japanese Quail
  • White-cheeked Partridge
  • Red Junglefowl
  • Kalij Pheasant
  • Grey Peacock Pheasant
  • Fulvous Whistling-duck
  • Lesser Whistling-Duck
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
  • Bar-headed Goose
  • Ruddy Shelduck
  • Common Shelduck
  • Cotton Pygmy-goose
  • Gadwall Anas
  • Falcated Duck
  • Spot-billed Duck
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Northern Pintail
  • Common Teal Anas crecca
  • Red-crested Pochard
  • Common Pochard
  • Tufted Duck
  • Yellow-legged Buttonquail
  • Barred Buttonquail
  • Eurasian Wryneck
  • Speckled Piculet
  • White-browed Piculet
  • Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker
  • Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker
  • Rufous Woodpecker
  • Lesser Yellownape
  • Greater Yellownape
  • Streak-throated Woodpecker
  • Grey-headed Woodpecker
  • Himalayan Flameback
  • Common Flameback
  • Black-rumped Flameback
  • Bay Woodpecker
  • Lineated Barbet
  • Blue-throated Barbet
  • Great Barbet
  • Great Hornbill
  • Wreathed Hornbill
  • Oriental Pied Hornbill
  • Common Hoopoe
  • Red-headed Trogon
  • Indian Roller
  • Common Kingfisher
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher
  • Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher
  • Ruddy Kingfisher
  • White-throated Kingfisher
  • Black-capped Kingfisher
  • Pied Kingfisher
  • Blue –bearded Bee-eater
  • Green Bee-eater
  • Blue-tailed Bee eater
  • Chestnut-headed Bee eater
  • Pied Cuckoo
  • Chestnut-Winged Cuckoo
  • Large Hawk Cuckoo
  • Common Hawk cuckoo
  • Eurasian Cuckoo
  • Oriental Cuckoo
  • Banded Bay Cuckoo
  • Grey-Bellied Cuckoo
  • Plaintive Cuckoo
  • Asian Emerald Cuckoo
  • Drongo Cuckoo
  • Asian Koel
  • Green-billed Malkoha
  • Greater Coucal
  • Lesser Coucal
  • Psittacula krameri
  • Grey-headed Parakeet
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet
  • Red-breasted Parakeet
  • Silver-backed Needletail
  • Brown-Backed Needletail
  • Asian Palm Swift at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Scops Owl
  • Oriental Scops Owl
  • Collared Scops Owl
  • Mountain Scops Owl
  • Eurasian Eagle Owl
  • Dusky Eagle Owl
  • Brown fish owl
  • Tawny fish Owl
  • Spotted Owlet
  • Brown Hawk Owl
  • Large-tailed Nightjar
  • Rock Pigeon
  • Pale-capped Pigeon
  • Oriental Turtle Dove
  • Spotted Dove
  • Red Collared Dove
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon
  • Pin-tailed Green pigeon
  • Pompadour Green Pigeon
  • Thick-billed Green Pigeon
  • Yellow-footed Green Pigeon
  • Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon
  • Green Imperial Pigeon
  • Mountain Imperial Pigeon
  • Bengal Florican
  • Common Crane
  • Slaty-legged Crake

References ~ Wikipedia, orientalbirdclub.org

Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
The Kingfisher Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
The Woodpecker Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Kingfisher Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

Tips for Birdwatching at Kaziranga National Park ~ Reference www.birdlife.org.au

  • Take your time – don’t rush. By walking slowly you will see more birds, especially the quiet or skulking ones
  • Make sure to listen for birds calling. These records are as valuable as those of birds seen. Take time to follow up unfamiliar calls (never ignore them!)
  • Don’t just record the obvious species (e.g. large birds or birds that are calling vociferously). You should be aware that there will also be less-obvious species present, so look and listen carefully, and make sure to check all likely areas
  • Listen for noises other than bird calls. For example, Crested Shrike-tits are often first detected by the sound of them tearing at bark with their stout beaks; and parrots quietly feeding in the treetops are often first detected by the sound of dropped seed-pods falling to the ground
  • Be quiet. It lets you hear more birds and disturbs them less. However, talk in your normal voice. Never shout, and try not to whisper, as sibilant noises may disturb birds; many species use similar sounds to indicate alarm or aggression
  • Avoid wearing bright clothing or clothing that rustles
  • Be aware that when birdwatching beside a busy road bird calls will be more difficult to hear, as they tend to be drowned out by traffic noise
  • Try to go birdwatching early in the morning. Birds are more active then, and tend to call more often
  • Try to avoid birdwatching on windy days. Wind makes it more difficult to hear birds calling, and they are also less active in these conditions
  • Try to avoid birdwatching on hot days. Birds are inactive during the heat of the day, and are difficult to find. If you must conduct surveys on hot days, do it early in the morning or late in the afternoon, when it is cooler and birds are likely to be more active
  • Try to go birdwatching in small groups; large groups can be divided up into smaller groups
  • Birds are more easily detected in open habitats than in more heavily wooded ones. However, don’t be lulled into a false sense of security in open areas, as cryptic species can be easily missed. In all habitats, take your time and you will see more birds

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the various majestic Avi-Fauna Species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

              +91 7086873676

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Asiatic Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park

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The Wild Water Buffalo also called as the Asiatic Buffalo is a large bovine native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has been listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List since 1986, as the remaining population totals less than 4,000. Kaziranga National Park boasts of having the highest population of Asiatic Water Buffalo anywhere in the World!

Wild water buffalo are larger and heavier than domestic buffalo, and weigh from 700 to 1,200 kg. Both sexes carry horns that are heavy at the base and widely spreading along the outer edges, exceeding in size the horns of any other living bovid. Their skin color is ash gray to black.

The Kaziranga National Park harbors a crucial breeding population of the Asiatic Water Buffalo. Grasslands, reed brakes combined with swamps and water-bodies provide an ideal habitat for these animals. Sporting magnificent horns, perhaps the largest among the bovines in the World, the Water Buffalo species at the Kaziranga National Park are formidable opponents and can weigh over 1000 kilograms. Yet Tigers at the Kaziranga National Park have been known to prey on them. Like Elephants and Rhinoceros of Kaziranga, the water buffalo species can be seen grazing in and around Kaziranga’s water bodies in the morning and afternoon. Though they feed predominantly on grass, they have been observed eating water hyacinth as well that grows in abundance at the Kaziranga National Park. They are seldom found far from a reliable water source and often immerse themselves neck deep in water for extended periods. Like Kaziranga’s other animals, the Water Buffalo species seek higher grounds during the monsoon.

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Asiatic Water Buffalo Kaziranga National Park. Image Bitupan Kolong

Wild water buffalo occur in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, and Cambodia, with an unconfirmed population in Myanmar. In India, they are largely restricted to in and around Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary and Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary and in a few scattered pockets in Assam.

Wild water buffalo are both diurnal and nocturnal. Adult females and their young form stable clans of as many as 30 individuals. Clans are led by old cows, even when bulls accompany the group. Several clans form a herd of 30 to 500 animals that gather at resting areas. Adult males form bachelor groups of up to 10 individuals, with older males often being solitary, and spend the dry season apart from the female clans.

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Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park. Image Mauro Roscini
Kaziranga National Park animals, One Horned Rhino Kaziranga, Kaziranga Safari
Asiatic Water Buffalo Skulls at Kohora Safari Range in Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Kaziranga National Park animals, One Horned Rhino Kaziranga, Kaziranga Safari
World Heritage Site Kaziranga National Park in Assam

The Asiatic Water buffalos found at the Kaziranga National Park are both diurnal and nocturnal. On an average, these Asiatic Water Buffaloes have a life span of around 30 years. Bearing an ash color skin these water buffaloes in the wild of Kaziranga National Park have horns larges than any other bovine species on both the male and female sexes. Much heavier than the domestic buffalo species, these water buffaloes can weigh anywhere from 1000 to 1200 kgs. Horns of the Asiatic Water Buffalo are long, flat,massive and triangular and are semi-circular growing in the upward direction.

Group of wild buffaloes are commonly seen as grazing in marshy & grassland areas of Kaziranga National Park as well as crossing the Safari tracks. The Asiatic Water Buffaloes of Kaziranga National Park feed on herbs, fruits, shrubs, crops including rice, sugarcane, and jute. When the herd of these Water buffaloes moves close to human habitation, they can be seen consuming rice, sugarcane, jute etc. and causes often considerable damage. Often it is seen that villagers around the villagers of Kaziranga National Park set up makeshift guarding home to wade of these animals from destroying their crops. Here in Kaziranga National Park the presence of Brahmaputra river and its tributaries perfect area for feeding and surviving comfortably. The Asiatic Water Buffalo of Kaziranga National Park is a terrestrial animal. Wild Buffalo can not be categorized into diurnal or nocturnal as they remain active in day and night as well. They can be spotted in group of 20 to 25 buffaloes grazing together. Several groups can be seen together often in a resting area where their strength could go up to 500 wild buffaloes. These water buffaloes can be seen in places of Kaziranga National Park where there are water bodies. Wild buffalo usually seen grazing in early morning and later evening hours. They can even go on grazing after sunset due to which they are put in both category diurnal and nocturnal. Scents and hearing capacity of these buffaloes is well developed but eyesight is weak. They are not wandering animal by in dry season may move from one area to another. They don’t even hesitate to go close to human habitation and often enter into cultivated fields. Males are more aggressive than female and sometime even attack without any provocation depending upon they mood. Female show aggressive behavior when she is with calf and can even face tiger in boldly way. Their paring season is towards the end of rainfall season at Kaziranga National Park.

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Asiatic Water Buffalo at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image Damodar Boruah
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Asiatic Water Buffalo Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Asiatic Water Buffalo Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the Asiatic Water Buffalo Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

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EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

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Fauna at Kaziranga National Park

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Kaziranga National Park is a wild breeding area for multiple species of Large Cats and is also known as the Home of the Big Five (5) Cat Species.The five (5) Cat Species known to prowl across the dense Jungles of the National Park are Indian Tigers, Leopards, Jungle Cat, Fishing cat and the Leopard Cat. Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world, with a population of 118. Kaziranga National Park is India’s most densely populated Tiger Reserve. Kaziranga’s mix of habitats, which has given rise to such a diversity and density of herbivores, directly benefits Tigers and Leopards. In most Indian forests, Tigers wait at dawn and dusk for herbivores to come and drink at waterholes. The Tigers of the Kaziranga National Park are however unlikely to use this strategy, since water is distributed freely throughout the park.

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Wild Elephants Herd at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Considered to be a child of the mighty river Brahmaputra, the biosphere of the Kaziranga Reserve is one of the most beautiful ecosystems in the World. The rivers and their tributaries flowing across the length of the Kaziranga National Park result in large reserve forests and tall elephant grass that harbour home to a wide variety of insects, birds and animals. Kaziranga National Park is a magical land that brings to mind promptly the picture of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros – a name the inspires pride and awe in the hearts and minds of the people of Assam. Kaziranga is also a tiger and elephant country where one can also hear the hoolock gibbons calling. Asiatic water buffalo, swamp deer, sambar, hog deers also reside in the dense jungles and forest reserves of Kaziranga. But more than the sight of a rhino, tiger or elephant, it is Kaziranga’s indestructible peace and quiet magic that fill the heart and soul of any visitor here.

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The Royal Bengal Tiger at the Agoratoli Range of Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India.

Small mammals at the Kaziranga National Park include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badger and particoloured Flying Squirrel.

Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the Kaziranga National Park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped and Golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon.The Hoolock Gibbons at the Kaziranga National Park can be sighted in the misty and moist forests of Panbari. The striking white brow and black pelage of the males is distinctive while female Gibbons are lighter in shade. The female Hoolock Gibbon species can be seen carrying young ones either on their backs or under their arms as they move across Treetops of Kaziranga.

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The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Krishna Kinkar

At the Kaziranga National Park, there are over 500 swamp deers, the largest population in Eastern India. Swamp Deer grasslands with reed brakes and patches of forest. The animals frequent open areas around the water bodies of Kaziranga. These swamp deers can be identified by their trademark antlers and rich chestnut brown coats. These swamp deers form gregarious herds that break up during the rut. Kaziranga’s wetlands are most suited to the deer’s need to cool off in mud wallows in summer.

Small Sambar herds comprising hinds and young can be seen at the Kaziranga National Park. They frequent the edges of lakes and shallow streams and can be seen wallowing in muddy pools. Estimated to number over 5000, Kaziranga National Park’s most abundant deer species is the Hog Deer. These delicate animals prefer reed beds and grasslands. Barking Deer species is also present at the Kaziranga National Park particularly in the well-watered forested areas.

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Burmese Python in the Wild at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Krishna Kinkar

Kaziranga National Park harbours the World’s largest population of Indian Rhinoceros(Rhinoceros unicornis) and Asiatic Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and provides optimal habitat for Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) to attain their highest ecological density. Other mammals include Capped Langur (Presbytis pileatus), Hoolock Gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica), Otter (Lutra lutra), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Gaur(Bos gaurus), Sambar(Cervus unicolor), Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli), Hog Deer (Axis porcinus), Barking Deer(Muntiacus muntjak), Common langur ( Presbytis entellus), Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis), Grey Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Indian Porcupine(Hystrix indica), Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha), Small Indian Civet(Viverricula indica), Common Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus), Indian Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Jackal (Canis aureus), Himalayan Mole (Euroscaptor micrura), Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata), Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), European Otter (Lutra lutra),  Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris), Eastern Mole(Talpa micrura), Hoary-bellied or Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus), Malayan Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor), Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata), Squirrel(Dremnonys lokriah), Bats(various species) etc.

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Wild Elephants Herd by a water hole at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Wild Pigs at the Kaziranga National Park can be seen digging for roots and tubers. They are found in both the forested areas and grasslands of Kaziranga.

In addition to mammals, Kaziranga National Park is home to an incredible diversity of insects, arachnids, reptiles and amphibians.

Some of the amphibian species of Kaziranga National Park are Red-eyed frog (Leptobrachium smithi), Myanmar pelobatidae toad (Megophrys parva), Asian common toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus), Indian hylid frog (Hyla annectans), Ornate narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla ornata), Annadale’s tree frog (Chiromantis simus), Red narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla rubra), Flat-headed frog (Limnonectes laticeps), Indian bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus), Twin-spotted tree frog (Rhacophorus bipunctatus), Large tree frog (Rhacophorus maximus), Warty tree frog (Theloderma asperum), Indian skipping frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis), Cricket frog (Fejervarya cf. limnocharis), Northern frog (Ingerana borealis), Leaf frog (Hylarana tytleri), Long-tongued frog (Hylarana leptoglossa), etc.

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Highly endangered Assam Roofed top Turtle at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Reptiles found at Kaziranga National Park are Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Asian giant tortoise (Manouria emys), Indian Softshell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica), Indian peacock softshell turtle (Nilssonia hurum), Black softshell turtle (Nilssonia nigricans), Indian narrow-headed softshell turtle (Chitra indica), Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni), Southeast asian box turtle (Cuora amboinensis), Spotted pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), Crowned river turtle (Hardella thurjii), Brown roofed turtle (Pangshura smithii), Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis), Indian roofed turtle (Pangshura tectum), Indian tent turtle, Brahminy worm snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), Daird’s worm snake (Typhlops diardii), Burmese python (Python molurus bivittatus), Common vine snake (Ahaetulla prasina), Striped keelback (Amphiesma stolatum), Eastern cat snake (Boiga gokool), Siamese cat snake (Boiga siamensis), Green cat snake (Boiga cyanea), Copper-headed trinket snake (Coelognathus radiatus), Common trinket snake (Coelognathus helena helena), Painted bronzeback tree snake (Dendrelaphis pictus), Common wolf snake (Lycodon aulicus), Yellow-speckled wolf snake (Lycodon jara), Mock viper (Psammodynastes pulverulentus), Indo-Chinese rat snake (Ptyas korros), Indian rat snake (Ptyas mucosa), Red necked keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus), Checkered keelback (Xenochrophis piscator), Banded krait (Bungarus fasciatus), Monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia), King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), White-lipped pit viper (Trimeresurus albolabris), Indian garden lizard (Calotes versicolor), Flat tailed gecko (Hemidactylus platyurus), Assamese day gecko (Cnemaspis assamensis), Khasi hill bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus khasiensis), Asian house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), Little grass skink (Eutropis macularia), Himalayan litter skink (Sphenomorphus indicus), Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis), Yellow monitor (Varanus flavescens), Water monitor (Varanus salvator).

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Indian Monitor Lizards at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Mauro Roscini
Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Indian Rhinoceros with its prized horn at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the Endangered Ganges dolphin.

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the varied Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

              +91 7086873676