Kaziranga National Park in the State of Assam in India is a World Heritage Site famous for its population of the endangered One Horned Rhinoceros Species. Kaziranga National Park has the highest population of the One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World. It is also a Tiger Reserve and has the highest population density of Tigers among the protected areas in the World. Kaziranga also boasts of having the highest population density of Indian Elephants, Asiatic Wild Water Buffaloes and Swamp Deer in India. Being a vast expense of Tall Elephant grasslands this National Park of India is home many other species of Flora, Fauna and Avifauna. Kaziranga is home to a large population of Indian Elephants, Asiatic Water Buffalo and Swamp Deer. It is also home to the only Ape species in India i.e. the Hollock Gibbon. Kaziranga National Park is recognized as an Important Bird area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species. Kaziranga National Park has achieved notable success is Wildlife conservation and being located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.
Kaziranga National Park is a vast expense of tall Elephant Grass, marshlands and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests. The Kaziranga National Park is crisscrossed by four major rivers of India including the mighty Brahmaputra and the park includes numerous water bodies. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs and documentaries. Kaziranga celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a Reserve Forest.
Kaziranga National Park is a paradise within the Brahmaputra valley interlaced between the majestic Eastern Himalayas range to the north, criss crossed by the Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mikir and Cachar hills. The varied climatic and geographic conditions resulting in a majestic mix of flora and fauna not to be found anywhere else in the world! A UNESCO World Heritage Site, at the Kaziranga National Park, within an area of 430 sq. km., alongside the tall grasslands and the majestic One horned Rhino species lie many other animal species. In addition to being home to the highest population of Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the world, Kaziranga National Park also has the highest density of Tigers per sq. km. found anywhere in the World! But all these achievements of the Kaziranga National Park have to be accredited to the hard work of the Forest department of Assam who have continuously put in efforts over the years to conserve the varied animal species here. Rampant poaching had once almost wiped out the population of Rhinos at Kaziranga National Park. The forest staff now involve much of their time containing poachers to maintain all necessary steps to protect the population of all endangered animal species at Kaziranga National Park with a special focus on Rhinos and Tigers at Kaziranga. From a dwindling population of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros Kaziranga National Park now boasts of around 2500 rhino population. Not only flora and fauna, Kaziranga National Park also boasts of a huge species of birds that congregate here each year in great numbers.
Nestled between the mighty river Brahmaputra and the Mikir hills, Kaziranga National Park in Assam is gifted with a splendid terrain that enables a wide variety of life forms to thrive at Kaziranga. Kaziranga National Park is bounded by the river Brahmaputra to the north and the sprawling green Karbi Anglong hills to the south. The habitats of the Kaziranga include a mosaic of tall eastern alluvial grasslands, alluvial plains, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests, wetlands and sandy river islands formed by the shifting, drying up and erosion of the Brahmaputra river. Grey silt and sands of the Brahmaputra combine to form a base for flood plains.
Kaziranga National Park is a vast expanse of tall grasses which comprise almost 42 percent area of the National Park. The remaining area of Kaziranga National Park is covered by short grasses, open jungles, swamps, rivers, water bodies and sand.
Location and How to Reach:
Kaziranga National Park is located at a distance of approximately 200 kilometers from the city of Guwahati in Assam (5 hours by road). The coordinates of the park range from latitudes 26°30′ N and 26°45′ N, and longitudes 93°08′ E to 93°36′ E within two districts in the State of Assam—the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district. The park is approximately 40 kilometers in length from east to west, and 13 kilometers in breadth from north to south covering a total area of about 429 square kilometers.
Kaziranga National Park has flat expanses of fertile, alluvial soil formed by erosion and still deposition by the Brahmaputra. The landscape consists of exposed sandbars, riverline flood-formed lakes known as ‘Beels’ and elevated regions which provide shelter and retreats for animals during floods. Kaziranga National Park is one of the largest tracts of protected land in the sub-Himalayan belt and due to the presence of highly diverse and visible species has been described as a Bio-Diversity Hot-spot. Kaziranga National Park is located in the Indomalaya ecozone, and the dominant biomes of the region are Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome and a frequently flooded variant of the Teral-Duar savanna and grasslands of the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas and shrublands biomes.
The best option to reach Kaziranga National Park is to arrive at Guwahati Airport/Railway Station and drive to the National Park. We arrange your transport from the Airport to the National Park with an experienced local who will guide you with the important facts of the region during the journey.
Climate and Best Time to visit:
Kaziranga National Park witness three seasons: Summer, Monsoon and Winter. The months of November thru April witness winter with favorable temperature conditions to enjoy your Jeep/Elephant Safari into the park interiors. The months of May and June is Summer season with slightly higher temperatures noted. July through September are the monsoon seasons and the park gets submerged owning to the heavy downpour.
The park remains open for viewing for tourists from the months of October thru April every year. The best time to visit the Kaziranga National Park is during the winter thru the months of November and April. The park remains closed from the months of May thru September owning to the heavy monsoon floods that occur across the North Eastern Region of India during that time.
Flora, Fauna and Avi-Fauna:
Kaziranga National Park has a wide variety of flora all around. Various species of trees to be found at Kaziranga are of the likes of Barringtonia acutangula, Aphanamixis polystachya, Talauma hodgsonii, Dillenia indica, Garcinia tinctoria, Indian Jujube, silk cotton Bombax, Alpinia Allughas, Aesculus Assamica, Dillenia Indica, Dysoxylum, Tetrameles, Bischofia, Saccharum Spontaneum, Monochoria Hastifolia, Ficus rumphii, Cinnamomum bejolghota and species of Syzygium. Common trees and shrubs are Albizia procera, Duabanga grandiflora, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, Sterculia urens, Grewia serrulata, Mallotus philippensis, Bridelia retusa, Aphania rubra, Leea indica, and Leea umbraculifera.
Kaziranga National Park contains significant breeding populations of 35 mammalian species. The Park has the distinction of being home to the World’s largest population of the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo and Eastern Swamp Deer. Herbivores in the park include the likes of the Indian Elephants, Gaur, Indian Muntjac, Wild Boar, Hog Deer, etc. Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild Water buffalo anywhere in the World. At Kaziranga National Park, as many as 14 rare and endangered species are found including the gaur, sloth bear, leopard, capped langur, assamese macaque, mongoose and otter. Other fauna also include of the likes of pangolins, badgers, civets, moles, porcupines, hoolock gibbons, sambar, hog deer, barking deer, wild pigs, indian bison, jungle cats, fishing cats, capped langurs, rhesus and many more. Kaziranga National Park is an amazing destination to observe wildlife in India. Better known as the National Park which is home to the ‘big five’, Kaziranga also attracts attention in being home to other varied wildlife across the region. The jungles of Kaziranga National Park are home to at least 14 of the most rare and endangered wildlife species of the likes of Sloth bear, leopard, Guars, capped langurs, Assamese Macaques, otters, etc. The Big cats of the Kaziranga National Park mostly feed on the sambars, deers and wild pigs here. Reports of varied mammal species of the likes of pangolins, badgers, civets, moles and porcupines are also to be found here at Kaziranga National Park. Kaziranga’s deer species are to be found in abundance with the hog deer being the most prominent with numbers exceeding 6000. Barking deer species are also to be spotted at the Kaziranga National Park.
Reptile species to be found at Kaziranga are turtles, tortoises, pythons, common cobras, king cobras, monitor lizards, gharial, etc.
Kaziranga is one of the few wild breeding areas outside Africa for multiple species of large cats, such as Indian Tigers and Leopards. Kaziranga has the highest density of Tigers in the world. Other felids include the Jungle cat, Fishing cat and Leopard cat. Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped and Golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon. Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the endangered Ganges dolphin.
Surroundings and Stay Options at Kaziranga National Park:
Kaziranga National Park is located in the heart of the State of Assam. Assam is well known as the ‘Land of Red Rivers and Blue Hills’ because of its breathtaking nature and this description is quite evident once you are at the Kaziranga National Park. The National Park has a total area of 429 square kilometers and almost 2/3rd of this is under forest cover. The National Park is located in the midst of the lush Tea Gardens of Assam and the fragrance of fresh tea being brewed at the local factories will instantly refresh you after your day of Jungle Safari at Kaziranga.
Well known Resorts, Hotels and Guest Houses are to be found across the four ranges of the Kaziranga National Park that extend a warm hospitality and leave no stone unturned to make your stay here comfortable and memorable. Click here for the list of Hotels and Resorts at Kaziranga.
Do take a stroll around your Hotel/Resort to visit the nearby Tea gardens and also take a chance to visit the local Restaurants/Dhaba that serve the mostly delightful ‘Assamese Thali’. The River in Kaziranga are abundant in fresh water fishes and these places serve Fresh fish on a Platter you will never be able to resist. Assamese food doesn’t involve cooking with a lot of Indian Spices and hence the food is mild. However, you may choose to make your food a lot spicy with the Second Hottest Pepper the World – the ‘Bhut Jolokia‘ which is indigenous to Assam!
Safari Options at Kaziranga National Park:
At Kaziranga National Park you may choose to visit the interiors of the Park aboard a Jeep Safari or an Elephant Safari. These two serve as the most convenient and economical mode of travel inside the park premises lasting for a duration of one (1) hour each. Travelling on foot into the park interiors is not allowed at present.
Kaziranga National Orchid and Bio-Diversity Park:
The Kaziranga National Orchid park is another jewel in the crown of the Kaziranga National Park in addition to the endangered One Horned Rhino species. It is the Largest Orchid Park in India!
The Kaziranga National Orchid park houses around 600 varieties of wild orchids which have been collected from across the North-Eastern region. Some are found exclusively in the local region and many of them have not yet received a name. The orchids are placed in a wild state so that the ambiance provided is as close to natural as possible. They have been placed in a greenhouse along with some hybrid varieties.
So why wait?! Plan your visit to the Top Bio-Diversity hotspot in the World at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
Phone: +91 7086009708