The Royal Bengal Tigers are one of the most sought after animals when it comes to wildlife viewing experiences across India and visitors from across the World plan a visit to the ancient country of India every year to visit either of the very famous National Parks of the country to go for a wildlife safari experience to sight the Royal Bengal Tigers in the wild. The popular National Parks that are frequented by tourists every year to sight these Royal Bengal Tigers are the oldest National Park in India – the Jim Corbett National Park, the Ranthambore National Park, the Nagarhole National Park, Kaziranga National Park and the very fast catching up tourist National Park in India viz. the Bandavgarh National Park located at the heart of the country in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh. The Bandavgarh National Park is located amidst the Vindhya hills and it is a very popular National park of the country that draws visitors in the thousands every year to the place who would want the opportunity to sight the Royal Bengal tigers in the wild. Bandavgarh National Park is fairly smaller in the core area and it comprises of around 105 sq. km. while the other that spread over more area.
Not only the Royal Bengal Tigers but Bandavgarh National Park is also home to various other biodiversity and it has come a long way since its inception in 1968 as one of the prominent National Parks of the country that has a healthy population of the Royal Bengal Tigers, leopards and various deer species as well. The Bandavgarh National Park has been a success story in Tiger Conservation and the tiger population here has been growing ever since. The total area of Bandavgarh National Park is around 450 sq. km. and the core area is around 105 sq. km. and the park is located at an elevation of 800m above MSL that sees an annual rainfall of 1200mm with temperatures ranging from 42 degrees to 2 degrees in the winter season. At Bandavgarh National Park, sighting of tigers occur at the three safari zones of the park namely the Jala, Magdi and Banera zones with more focus on the Magdi zone to spot tigers in the wild that needs to be done across the thick cover of Sal forests and tall grasslands. But owing to the fact that numerous sighting of the Royal Bengal Tigers, leopards and sloth bears have been reported from inside the core forest reserves of Bandavgarh National Park, the place is getting many people and it is now becoming one of the top visited National parks in the country when it comes to footfalls from foreign tourists along with the various other tourist attractions of Madhya Pradesh that has gained prominence after the grand tourism campaign that was launched by the state government with the tagline of ‘Hindustan ka Dil Dekho’!
Bandavgarh National Park is located at Bandavgarh that has a very old history and the mention of the place has been found in the Indian Epic of Ramayana as well. The name Bandavgarh translates to as the ‘Brother’s Fort’ and there is the presence of an ancient fort atop the Vindhya mountain range and as per legends of the Ramayana it is believed that this fort was gifted by Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana. It is also believed that the ruined fort was reconstructed by an army of monkeys who were believed to have built the bridge between India and Lanka. During the rule of the Maharajas of Madhya Pradesh, the Bandavgarh area become a deserted land due to the presence of the thick forests and being the habitat of the Royal Bengal Tigers and this area was declared as a Game Reserve and the royal families pursued their interest of hunting the tigers as a hobby. It is believed that the Kings of Rewa killed at least 109 tigers that were known man eaters and the number of 83 was achieved in a single year by Raja Gulab Singh Baghel.
The area was handed over to the state and central government in 1968 and it was since declared as the Bandavgarh National Park. The place went on to be declared as a project tiger reserve in the year 1993 with the neighbouring Panpatha sanctuary. Today various steps and measures are being undertaken by the forest authorities at Bandavgarh National Park to improve the living conditions of the wildlife of the park as the place has gradually gained attention from around the World. Various measures including building of small dams to direct water to the animals during the scorching summer heat is also undertaken and various measures to protect the wildlife of Bandavgarh National Park from the poachers are also being adopted to make this place a renowned tourism destination in the country. The Bandavgarh National Park witnesses a tropical monsoon climate and hence the place witnesses a weather that is having a well-defined winter, summer and monsoon season. The seasonal rains that occur at Bandavgarh National Park makes the place lush and rejuvenate its floral wealth that leads to a thriving fauna population as well.