Kaziranga National Park is a wild breeding area for multiple species of Large Cats and is also known as the Home of the Big Five (5) Cat Species.The five (5) Cat Species known to prowl across the dense Jungles of the National Park are Indian Tigers, Leopards, Jungle Cat, Fishing cat and the Leopard Cat. Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world, with a population of 118. Kaziranga National Park is India’s most densely populated Tiger Reserve. Kaziranga’s mix of habitats, which has given rise to such a diversity and density of herbivores, directly benefits Tigers and Leopards. In most Indian forests, Tigers wait at dawn and dusk for herbivores to come and drink at waterholes. The Tigers of the Kaziranga National Park are however unlikely to use this strategy, since water is distributed freely throughout the park.
Considered to be a child of the mighty river Brahmaputra, the biosphere of the Kaziranga Reserve is one of the most beautiful ecosystems in the World. The rivers and their tributaries flowing across the length of the Kaziranga National Park result in large reserve forests and tall elephant grass that harbour home to a wide variety of insects, birds and animals. Kaziranga National Park is a magical land that brings to mind promptly the picture of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros – a name the inspires pride and awe in the hearts and minds of the people of Assam. Kaziranga is also a tiger and elephant country where one can also hear the hoolock gibbons calling. Asiatic water buffalo, swamp deer, sambar, hog deers also reside in the dense jungles and forest reserves of Kaziranga. But more than the sight of a rhino, tiger or elephant, it is Kaziranga’s indestructible peace and quiet magic that fill the heart and soul of any visitor here.
Small mammals at the Kaziranga National Park include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badger and particoloured Flying Squirrel.
Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the Kaziranga National Park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped and Golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon.The Hoolock Gibbons at the Kaziranga National Park can be sighted in the misty and moist forests of Panbari. The striking white brow and black pelage of the males is distinctive while female Gibbons are lighter in shade. The female Hoolock Gibbon species can be seen carrying young ones either on their backs or under their arms as they move across Treetops of Kaziranga.
At the Kaziranga National Park, there are over 500 swamp deers, the largest population in Eastern India. Swamp Deer grasslands with reed brakes and patches of forest. The animals frequent open areas around the water bodies of Kaziranga. These swamp deers can be identified by their trademark antlers and rich chestnut brown coats. These swamp deers form gregarious herds that break up during the rut. Kaziranga’s wetlands are most suited to the deer’s need to cool off in mud wallows in summer.
Small Sambar herds comprising hinds and young can be seen at the Kaziranga National Park. They frequent the edges of lakes and shallow streams and can be seen wallowing in muddy pools. Estimated to number over 5000, Kaziranga National Park’s most abundant deer species is the Hog Deer. These delicate animals prefer reed beds and grasslands. Barking Deer species is also present at the Kaziranga National Park particularly in the well-watered forested areas.
Kaziranga National Park harbours the World’s largest population of Indian Rhinoceros(Rhinoceros unicornis) and Asiatic Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and provides optimal habitat for Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) to attain their highest ecological density. Other mammals include Capped Langur (Presbytis pileatus), Hoolock Gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica), Otter (Lutra lutra), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Gaur(Bos gaurus), Sambar(Cervus unicolor), Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli), Hog Deer (Axis porcinus), Barking Deer(Muntiacus muntjak), Common langur ( Presbytis entellus), Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis), Grey Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Indian Porcupine(Hystrix indica), Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha), Small Indian Civet(Viverricula indica), Common Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus), Indian Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Jackal (Canis aureus), Himalayan Mole (Euroscaptor micrura), Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata), Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), European Otter (Lutra lutra), Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris), Eastern Mole(Talpa micrura), Hoary-bellied or Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus), Malayan Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor), Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata), Squirrel(Dremnonys lokriah), Bats(various species) etc.
Wild Pigs at the Kaziranga National Park can be seen digging for roots and tubers. They are found in both the forested areas and grasslands of Kaziranga.
In addition to mammals, Kaziranga National Park is home to an incredible diversity of insects, arachnids, reptiles and amphibians.
Some of the amphibian species of Kaziranga National Park are Red-eyed frog (Leptobrachium smithi), Myanmar pelobatidae toad (Megophrys parva), Asian common toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus), Indian hylid frog (Hyla annectans), Ornate narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla ornata), Annadale’s tree frog (Chiromantis simus), Red narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla rubra), Flat-headed frog (Limnonectes laticeps), Indian bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus), Twin-spotted tree frog (Rhacophorus bipunctatus), Large tree frog (Rhacophorus maximus), Warty tree frog (Theloderma asperum), Indian skipping frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis), Cricket frog (Fejervarya cf. limnocharis), Northern frog (Ingerana borealis), Leaf frog (Hylarana tytleri), Long-tongued frog (Hylarana leptoglossa), etc.
Reptiles found at Kaziranga National Park are Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Asian giant tortoise (Manouria emys), Indian Softshell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica), Indian peacock softshell turtle (Nilssonia hurum), Black softshell turtle (Nilssonia nigricans), Indian narrow-headed softshell turtle (Chitra indica), Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni), Southeast asian box turtle (Cuora amboinensis), Spotted pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), Crowned river turtle (Hardella thurjii), Brown roofed turtle (Pangshura smithii), Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis), Indian roofed turtle (Pangshura tectum), Indian tent turtle, Brahminy worm snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), Daird’s worm snake (Typhlops diardii), Burmese python (Python molurus bivittatus), Common vine snake (Ahaetulla prasina), Striped keelback (Amphiesma stolatum), Eastern cat snake (Boiga gokool), Siamese cat snake (Boiga siamensis), Green cat snake (Boiga cyanea), Copper-headed trinket snake (Coelognathus radiatus), Common trinket snake (Coelognathus helena helena), Painted bronzeback tree snake (Dendrelaphis pictus), Common wolf snake (Lycodon aulicus), Yellow-speckled wolf snake (Lycodon jara), Mock viper (Psammodynastes pulverulentus), Indo-Chinese rat snake (Ptyas korros), Indian rat snake (Ptyas mucosa), Red necked keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus), Checkered keelback (Xenochrophis piscator), Banded krait (Bungarus fasciatus), Monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia), King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), White-lipped pit viper (Trimeresurus albolabris), Indian garden lizard (Calotes versicolor), Flat tailed gecko (Hemidactylus platyurus), Assamese day gecko (Cnemaspis assamensis), Khasi hill bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus khasiensis), Asian house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), Little grass skink (Eutropis macularia), Himalayan litter skink (Sphenomorphus indicus), Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis), Yellow monitor (Varanus flavescens), Water monitor (Varanus salvator).
Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the Endangered Ganges dolphin.
So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the varied Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
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