Kaziranga National Park is a wild breeding area for multiple species of Large Cats and is also known as the Home of the Big Five (5) Cat Species.The five (5) Cat Species known to prowl across the dense Jungles of the National Park are Indian Tigers, Leopards, Jungle Cat, Fishing cat and the Leopard Cat. Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world, with a population of 118. Kaziranga National Park is India’s most densely populated Tiger Reserve. Kaziranga’s mix of habitats, which has given rise to such a diversity and density of herbivores, directly benefits Tigers and Leopards. In most Indian forests, Tigers wait at dawn and dusk for herbivores to come and drink at waterholes. The Tigers of the Kaziranga National Park are however unlikely to use this strategy, since water is distributed freely throughout the park.
Small mammals at the Kaziranga National Park include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badger and particoloured Flying Squirrel.
Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the Kaziranga National Park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped and Golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon.The Hollock Gibbons at the Kaziranga National Park can be sighted in the misty and moist forests of Panbari. The striking white brow and black pelage of the males is distinctive while female Gibbons are lighter in shade. The female Hollock Gibbon species can be seen carrying young ones either on their backs or under their arms as they move across Tree tops of Kaziranga.
At the Kazirnanga National Park, there are over 500 swamp deers, the largest population in Eastern India. Swamp Deer grasslands with reed brakes and patches of forest. The animals frequent open areas around the water bodies of Kaziranga. These swamp deers can be identified by their trademark antlers and rich chestnut brown coats. These swamp deers form gregarious herds that break up during the rut. Kaziranga’s wetlands are most suited to the deer’s need to cool off in mud wallows in summer.
Small Sambar herds comprising hinds and young can be seen at the Kaziranga National Park. They frequent the edges of lakes and shallow streams and can be seen wallowing in muddy pools. Estimated to number over 5000, Kaziranga National Park’s most abundant deer species is the Hog Deer. These delicate animals prefer reed beds and grasslands. Barking Deer species is also present at the Kaziranga National Park particularly in the well-watered forested areas.
Wild Pigs at the Kaziranga National Park can be seen digging for roots and tubers. They are found in both the forested areas and grasslands of Kaziranga.
In addition to mammals, Kaziranga National Park is home to an incredible diversity of insects, arachnids, reptiles and amphibians.
Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the Endangered Ganges dolphin.
So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the varied Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
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