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Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is the Pride of Kaziranga National Park and the State of Assam in India. Enlisted as an endangered species in the IUCN Red list, there are a total of about 3000 Indian One Horned Rhinoceros alive in the World out of which 2000 are present in the Kaziranga National Park alone. The Kaziranga National Park has the highest Population of Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World! Kaziranga is considered as the last stronghold of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species in the World.

Apart from Kaziranga National Park, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is distributed along the stretch of the Indo-Gangetic plain and in the Terai Reserve in Nepal. In Assam, the population of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros can also be found at the Manas National Park, the Orang National Park and the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is found across the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam and in certain wildlife areas of Nepal. In Assam, Kaziranga National Park is famous for its Rhino conservation and with a population of over 2400 at present, Kaziranga is home to the highest population of Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World. The success story of Rhino conservation at Kaziranga is a result of years of prolonged hard work that has resulted in the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros being the flagship species of the National Park drawing visitors from across India and abroad. Although with many conservation systems in place these Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species still face a continuous threat from poachers who hunt them down for its prized horn. An Indian One Horned Rhinoceros horn in the black market trade fetches millions of dollars as there are myths of this being used in traditional medicines that can cure a wide variety of ailments.

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Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam

Description:

More than a meter wide, 180 cm. at the shoulder and weighing as much as two (2) tonnes the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species is a primary attraction at the Kaziranga National Park drawing over 1,00,000 visitors to the park every year. In size, the fully grown male Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are larger than females in the wild, weighing from 2,200 to 3,000 kg. Female Indian One Horned Rhinoceros weigh about 1,600 kg. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros has a single horn which is made of pure keratin and is naturally black in color. Another distinctive characteristic of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park is its thick, silver-brown skin which becomes pinkish near the large skin folds that cover its body. Males develop thick neck-folds. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart-like bumps. It has very little body hair, aside from eyelashes, ear-fringes and tail-brush.

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Indian Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park Tour

Diet and Behaviour:

The diet of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros consists almost entirely of grasses which is available in abundant at Kaziranga National Park. Grass is the Rhino’s favorite food and the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros consumes prodigious quantities of plant matter to support its bulk. At times, they also eat leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruits, and submerged and floating aquatic plants. Feeding mostly during the mornings and evenings they use their prehensile lips to grasp grass stems, bend the stem down, bite off the top, and then eat the grass. Nevertheless the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park is a delicate feeder. A favorite food is a short but nourishing grass ‘lokosa’, which grows in low-lying areas and the perennial ox-bow ‘beels’. Not surprisingly, the highest density of rhinos exist in the southwestern range of the Kaziranga National Park where short grass meadows are most extensive. Kaziranga’s Rhinos also feed on the longer grasses when they are tender. A creature of habitat, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga usually follows well-frequented walking tracks or ‘dandis’ from its wallows to favored feeding grounds. When such ‘dandis’ pass through tall grasslands, the animal’s body creates a sort of tunnel that it and other animals may use for extended periods. The Indian Rhinoceros drink for a minute or two at a time, often imbibing water filled with rhinoceros urine.

As far as their behavior is concerned, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros are mostly solitary creatures. These Indian One Horned Rhinoceros live in tall grasslands and riverine forests but due to habitat loss they have been forced into more cultivated land. Dominant males tolerate males passing through their territories except when they are in mating season, when dangerous fights break out. They are active at night and early morning. They spend the middle of the day wallowing in lakes, rivers, ponds, and puddles to cool down. The Indian Rhinoceros species are very good swimmers.

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Majestic Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India

Poaching and their Conservation:

With the rapid development of the places across India conflict between man and animals in the wild have become a common occurrence. People without having much information about the threats of an animal tend to cause harm to it fearing for their own life. This has also impacted many of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India with Kaziranga National Park being no exception. Regular farming across the lands adjacent to Kaziranga make encounter between humans and animals a regular occurance. Also, illegal grazing, floods and erosion aggravated by human landscape intervention are few of the problems that hurt the population of wildlife at Kaziranga National Park. Still the beauty of Kaziranga National Park remains one of the most vital wildernesses which attracts over 1,00,000 visitors to the National Park every year.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros that is seen at the Kaziranga National Park was once distributed all over the upper gangetic plains and the Brahmaputra valley. However, due to poaching and not effective management of natural resources, their numbers are now confined to areas in and around Kaziranga National Park mostly in Assam. But their survival here is still a challenge due to land encroachment and activities of the poachers. Kaziranga National Park becomes accessible to poaches because of the wide natural boundary of the River Brahmaputra in the north. With lack of adequate manpower, poachers across the Kaziranga National Park through the northern banks mostly. Poachers to the Kaziranga National Park hunt for ivory, skins, tiger bones and the most prized Rhino horn. Although, there are several anti-poaching camps set up the poachers still find a way to access the vast forest reserves of Kaziranga and get successful in capturing the Rhino horn which make the population of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park.

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Majestic Horn of an adult Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India

Poaching for Indian One Horned Rhinoceros horn became the single most important reason for the decline of the Indian rhino after conservation measures were put in place from the beginning of the 20th century, when legal hunting ended. The Horn of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park doesn’t contain a core of bone and is instead a closely matted mass of keratin fibers. Though the horn can be easily removed, poachers still hack through the bone of the Rhinoceros at Kaziranga. On an average, the Kaziranga Rhino horn will be around 20 cm. long and weighs 720 gm. The human obsession with the rhino horn has become a death warrant for the species. The horn has been traditionally used in Chinese medicines and is falsely reputed to cure ailments like high fever, food poisoning, headaches and numerous other ailments including improvement of male libido. In earlier days, the royals drank from the cups crafted from Rhino horns as they believed it could detect poisons.  Many people still fall for such beliefs that has created a marker for trade for these precious horns. Although International Trade involving Rhino horn has been banned, a black market continues to thrive.

From 1980 to 1993, 692 rhinos were poached in India. In India’s Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, 41 rhinos were killed in 1983, virtually the entire population of the sanctuary. By the mid-1990s, poaching had rendered the species extinct there. Lack of adequate manpower to protect the boundaries of the wide area of the Kaziranga National Park has been the prime reason for the vulnerability. However, the local government’s ensures to put in adequate efforts every year to protect these species. A network of several strategically located anti-poaching camps have been established which in tandem with foot patrols and intelligence gathering is improving the protection steps towards the conservation of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species at the Kaziranga National Park.

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One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park. Image Credits: Jayanta Gohain

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Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park. Image ~ Mauro Roscini

A majestic beast, the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species of Kaziranga National Park is an odd-toed ungulate having three toes on each foot. This enables the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species of Kaziranga National Park to be agile and fast runners often running up to 50 km/hr for short durations of time and also short distances. However, Rhinos charge when they feel threatened otherwise, they are lazy and prefer to spend half of their time mostly submerged under water. Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park can also dive and feed underwater keeping their eyes, nose and ear above water. The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park have a very superb sense of hearing and smell but have a relatively poor eyesight. Rhinoceros have an active sense of territory they mark it with urine and dung. While the female and calves prefer to stay together in small groups, the male rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are mostly solitary creatures. Indian Rhinoceros species live for more than 40 years in the wild but in captivity they are known to live up to  an age of 47 years.

Mating of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is an interesting phenomenon where the mating time between a male and a female rhinoceros lasts for several hours and in the end the male rhinoceros leaves the female rhinoceros. The gestation period is around 15-16 months while the interval between birth ranges from 3 to 4 years. In general cases, only one single baby rhino is born. The mother rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park will generally stay with their calves for four years from birth at times til the new calf is born. In general, the adult male rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park is a solitary animal. However, during the monsoon seasons, the Indian Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park form short term groupings near the forest wallows and also during the months of March and April. At times, one can spot a group of up to 10 rhinos typically with a dominant male with females and calves.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park are friendly creatures often known to greet each other by waving its head, nuzzling noses or licking and they can be seen running around playfully in a herd. The fights between two rhinoceros occurs at Kaziranga National Park during the mating season and they often use their teeth to injure the other rhino to gain dominance over the female species.

The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros of Kaziranga National Park have a wide variety of vocalizations like snorting, howling, bleating, roaring, growling, runtling, etc. with which these species convey their expressions or call out each other. The adult male often urinates backwards often in response to being disturbed while they defecate in large dung piles. Male Rhinoceros with their strong sense of smell often sniff around dung piles to follow the scent of the females.

 

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Visitors capture an amazing moment with the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Pride of Assam ~ the One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Pride of Assam ~ the One Horned Rhinoceros ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Grandeur of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Majestic Capture of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Close up of the Prized Horn of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Endangered One Horned Rhino Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
The Endangered Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Indian One Horned Rhinoceros Grazing in the Wild at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

Kaziranga National Park Rhino, Kaziranga Assam, Kaziranga Safari, Assam Tourism
Welcome to the Kaziranga National Park ~ the Abode of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the Pride of Assam ~ the Majestic Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

               +91 7086873676

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Indian Elephants at Kaziranga National Park

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism

The Kaziranga National Park boasts of a huge population of the Indian Elephants.

The Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) of Kaziranga National Park is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia. Since 1986, ‘Elephas maximus’ has been listed as Endangered by IUCN as the population has declined by at least 50% over the last 1 to -1 years or three generations. Asian elephants are threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.

In general, Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants and have the highest body point on the head. The tip of their trunk has one finger-like process. Their back is convex or level. Indian elephants reach a shoulder height of between 2 and 3.5 m, weigh between 2,000 and 5,000 kg, and have 19 pairs of ribs. Their skin color is lighter than of maximus with smaller patches of depigmentation, but darker than of sumatranus. Females are usually smaller than males, and have short or no tusks.

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A Herd of Wild Elephants inside the Forest Reserves of Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

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A Herd of Adult Wild Elephants with Calf inside the Forest Reserves of Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

The Asiatic Elephant species differ from the African Elephants being smaller in size with smaller tusks. These tusks of Elephants are made out of ivory and is the main reason for their near extinction as poachers hunt down these Elephants of Kaziranga National Park due to their tusks. Elephant tusks can often weigh up to 22 kilograms a pair and fetch thousands of dollars in the black markets. Across India, the Asiatic Elephants come under the Elephant conservation project and their population is now restricted to the Elephant Reserves and protected areas in India. In India, there is a nationwide conservation effort to protect this species from being extinct. Apart from Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park and Nameri National Park in Assam, these Asiatic Elephants in India can be spotted at the Periyar, Bandipur, Corbett, Palamuru and Nagarhole National Park.

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A Herd of Adult Wild Elephants relaxing by the Water Holes at the Forest Reserves of Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
International Visitors at the Kaziranga National Park on an Elephant Safari into the Park Interiors ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

The Asiatic Elephants of Kaziranga National Park are the largest mammals of land on Earth next only to the Blue Whale species. The culture of Asia has always revered the Elephant species and these elephants perform as an integral part of many religious festivals in the Asian countries especially India. These Asiatic Elephants have often been domesticated since times immemorial to serve in transportation or move heavy objects from one place to another. But with losing habitat and continuous poaching these mighty beasts in the wild are now endangered and just like Rhinoceros, tigers and lions have now come under the threat of being extinct forever. Kaziranga National Park’s conservation success stories is not limited to the Rhinoceros and Tigers only but also to the Asiatic Wild Elephants and now Kaziranga National Park has a noticeable number of the population of the Asiatic Elephant species.

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Indian Elephant Calf at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Young visitors showering their love and respect to the mighty Elephants of Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

The Indian Elephants at Kaziranga National Park are classified as megaherbivores and consume up to 150 kg of plant matter per day. They are generalist feeders, and both grazers and browsers. In  India, elephants are recorded to feed on 112 different plant species, most commonly of the order Malvales, and the legume, palm, sedge and true grass families. They graze on the tall grasses, but the portion consumed varies with season.

The Indian Elephants of the Kaziranga National Park generally feed in the early mornings and the late afternoons. The Elephants of Kaziranga choose forested parts of their area to continue feeding on branches, leaves and fruits. These Elephants prefer to spend time in and around the water bodies of the Kaziranga National Park. Kaziranga has some of the best skilled Elephant handlers in the Country known as ‘Mahouts’. These ‘Mahouts’ assist in ferrying visitors into the Kaziranga National Park across the Elephant Safari options at the Kaziranga National Park. The Indian Rhinoceros of Kaziranga, in particular, allow Elephants to approach much closer than they allow the Jeep Safari vehicles.

The Indian Elephants at Kaziranga National Park prefer feeding in the open durings the early mornings and late afternoons. When the sun is high, the Elephants of Kaziranga choose forested parts of their range to continue feeding on branches, leaves, barks and fruits whose seeds will be dispersed near and far. As with Elephants everywhere, at Kaziranga too, these species spend considerable time near water-bodies.

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Indian Elephants embarking on a Safari with visitors at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism

Indian Elephants at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Visitors at the Kaziranga National Park on an Elephant Safari into the Park Interiors ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

In Asia, these majestic Asiatic Elephants are found across India extending up to Sri Lanka and Sumatra. The Asiatic Elephants of Kaziranga National Park, often stay in herds and have a matriarchal family group viz. the groups is led by the largest and oldest female in the group. Elephant herds of Kaziranga National Park consists of up to 100 elephants roaming in the wild. The male elephants however, can be associated with a herd, solitary or at times live temporarily live with other males. The Asiatic Elephants are known to be social animals and often stay together while they go out in search of food and water. Even when they are on the move, the Elephant herd is led by a female elephant only. Standing tall at above 10 feet, the male elephant often weighs up to 11,900 pounds while the female averages around 6000 pounds. The Asiatic Elephants are mega herbivores and feed on grasses, bamboo, leaves, shoots, barks, palms, creepers, etc. They often feed up to 330 pounds in a single day that also comprises of fruits like wood apple and mango. Elephants also drink water everyday and prefer to stay close to water sources at the Kaziranga National Park.

Kaziranga Elephants, Kaziranga National Park Rhino, Assam Kaziranga Safari
Indian Elephants in the Wild at Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga Elephants, Kaziranga National Park Rhinos, Assam Kaziranga Safari
Indian Elephants at Kaziranga National Park Safari

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the Largest Mammals of Asia ~ the Asiatic Elephants at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

               +91 7086873676

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Birdwatching at Kaziranga National Park

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The Kaziranga National Park is a bird watchers paradise. The Woodland of Kaziranga is divided into three main types – Riparian Fringing Forest, Dillenia Swamp Forest and Assam Alluvial Plains Semi-evergreen Forest. In these Woodlands, almost 478 species of birds (both migratory and resident) have been spotted, including 25 globally threatened and 21 near threatened species. The park has also been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International for the conservation of the avifaunal species.

The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is one of the finest birding destinations in the World! Every year thousands of birds from around the world migrate to the Kaziranga National Park making it a paradise for ornithologists and bird lovers. As per records, over 470 species of birds have been recorded here at the Kaziranga National Park. With the details of the varied species mentioned in the list below, it can be said that for birding there is no off season at the Kaziranga National Park forests. What creates this rich diversity of birds at Kaziranga is the overlap of the Indomalayan zoo-geographic realms. Kaziranga’s forests is home to all the green pigeon species in India as well as the Hornbill species of the Great Indian Hornbill and the Oriental Pied Hornbill as well.

While the most common water birds like the Egrets, Herons and Cormorants are to be easily spotted in and around the areas of the Kaziranga National Park, several other species like the Openbills and the Finn weavers nest on the Bombax trees here. Several species of Kingfisher birds like the Ruddy Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher and the White Throated Kingfisher nest around the wetlands and forest habitats of the Panbari forest of the Kaziranga National Park. The Storks rule at Kaziranga mostly along the alluvial floodplains. Several species of Cuckoo like the Drongo-Cuckoo, Plaintive Cuckoo are the real soundmasters of the forests of Kaziranga National Park. The winters at Kaziranga National Park bring in huge flocks of migratory guests to the park of the likes of Great Headed Canary, Red throated flycatcher, Grey-backed shrikes, etc. While in the month of April and May the Summer migrants start arriving at Kaziranga. Along with Yellow bitterns and Cinnamon bitterns certain species of Pond Herons, the Black Necked Crane, Lesser Adjutant Storks can be seen flying around the marshes, wetlands and beels of the Kaziranga National Park. Some of the Raptor bird species to be seen at Kaziranga are Eagles, Vultures, Harriers, etc. Kaziranga is most desired for the Bengal Florican species; a bird whose mating flight is an amazing and wondrous experience to sight here!

The Species of Avifauna found at Kaziranga National Park in Assam are as below:

  • Japanese Quail at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-cheeked Partridge at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red Junglefowl at Kaziranga National Park
  • Kalij Pheasant at Kaziranga National Park
  • Grey Peacock Pheasant at Kaziranga National Park
  • Fulvous Whistling-duck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Lesser Whistling-Duck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Greater White-fronted Goose at Kaziranga National Park
  • Bar-headed Goose at Kaziranga National Park
  • Ruddy Shelduck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Shelduck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Cotton Pygmy-goose at Kaziranga National Park
  • Gadwall Anas at Kaziranga National Park
  • Falcated Duck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Spot-billed Duck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Northern Shoveler at Kaziranga National Park
  • Northern Pintail at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Teal Anas crecca at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-crested Pochard at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Pochard at Kaziranga National Park
  • Tufted Duck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Yellow-legged Buttonquail at Kaziranga National Park
  • Barred Buttonquail at Kaziranga National Park
  • Eurasian Wryneck at Kaziranga National Park
  • Speckled Piculet at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-browed Piculet at Kaziranga National Park
  • Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Rufous Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Lesser Yellownape at Kaziranga National Park
  • Greater Yellownape at Kaziranga National Park
  • Streak-throated Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Grey-headed Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Himalayan Flameback at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Flameback at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-rumped Flameback at Kaziranga National Park
  • Greater Flameback at Kaziranga National Park
  • Bay Woodpecker at Kaziranga National Park
  • Lineated Barbet at Kaziranga National Park
  • Blue-throated Barbet at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Barbet at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Hornbill at Kaziranga National Park
  • Wreathed Hornbill at Kaziranga National Park
  • Oriental Pied Hornbill at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Hoopoe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-headed Trogon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Roller at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Kingfisher at Kaziranga National Park
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Ruddy Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • White-throated Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Black-capped Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Pied Kingfisher at Kaziranga
  • Blue –bearded Bee-eater at Kaziranga
  • Green Bee-eater at Kaziranga
  • Blue-tailed Bee eater at Kaziranga
  • Chestnut-headed Bee eater at Kaziranga
  • Pied Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Chestnut-Winged Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Large Hawk Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Common Hawk cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Indian Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Oriental Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Banded Bay Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Grey-Bellied Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Plaintive Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Asian Emerald Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Drongo Cuckoo at Kaziranga
  • Asian Koel at Kaziranga
  • Green-billed Malkoha at Kaziranga
  • Greater Coucal at Kaziranga
  • Lesser Coucal at Kaziranga
  • Psittacula krameri at Kaziranga
  • Grey-headed Parakeet at Kaziranga
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet at Kaziranga
  • Red-breasted Parakeet at Kaziranga
  • Himalayan Swiftlet at Kaziranga
  • Silver-backed Needletail at Kaziranga
  • Brown-Backed Needletail at Kaziranga
  • Asian Palm Swift at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Scops Owl at Kaziranga
  • Oriental Scops Owl at Kaziranga
  • Collared Scops Owl at Kaziranga
  • Mountain Scops Owl at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Eagle Owl at Kaziranga
  • Dusky Eagle Owl at Kaziranga
  • Brown fish owl at Kaziranga
  • Tawny fish Owl at Kaziranga
  • Collared Owlet at Kaziranga
  • Asian Barred Owlet at Kaziranga
  • Spotted Owlet at Kaziranga
  • Brown Hawk Owl at Kaziranga
  • Grey Nightjar at Kaziranga
  • Large-tailed Nightjar at Kaziranga
  • Savanna Nightjar at Kaziranga
  • Rock Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Pale-capped Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Oriental Turtle Dove at Kaziranga
  • Spotted Dove at Kaziranga
  • Red Collared Dove at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Collared Dove at Kaziranga
  • Emerald Dove at Kaziranga
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Pin-tailed Green pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Pompadour Green Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Thick-billed Green Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-footed Green Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Green Imperial Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Mountain Imperial Pigeon at Kaziranga
  • Bengal Florican at Kaziranga
  • Common Crane at Kaziranga
  • Slaty-legged Crake at Kaziranga
  • Slaty-breasted Rail at Kaziranga
  • Water Rail at Kaziranga
  • Brown Crake at Kaziranga
  • White-breasted Waterhen at Kaziranga National Park
  • Ruddy-breasted Crake at Kaziranga National Park
  • Watercock at Kaziranga National Park
  • Purple swamphen at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Moorhen at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common coot at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pintail Snipe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Swinhoe’s Snipe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Snipe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Jack Snipe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-tailed Godwit at Kaziranga National Park
  • Eurasian Curlew at Kaziranga National Park
  • Spotted Redshank at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Redshank at Kaziranga National Park
  • Marsh Sandpiper at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Greenshank at Kaziranga National Park
  • Nordmann’s Greenshank at Kaziranga National Park
  • Green Sandpiper at Kaziranga National Park
  • Wood Sandpiper at Kaziranga National Park
  • Terek Sandpiper at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Sandpiper at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Knot at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Stint at Kaziranga National Park
  • Dunlin Calidris at Kaziranga National Park
  • Temminck’s Stint at Kaziranga National Park
  • Ruff Philomachus at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-necked Phalarope at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Thick-knee at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-Winged Stilt at Kaziranga National Park
  • Recurvirostra avosetta at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pacific Golden Plover at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Ringed Plover at Kaziranga National Park
  • Kentish Plover at Kaziranga National Park
  • Northern Lapwing at Kaziranga National Park
  • River Lapwing at Kaziranga National Park
  • Grey-headed Lapwing at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-wattled Lapwing at Kaziranga National Park
  • Small pratincole at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Skimmer at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pallas’s Gull at Kaziranga National Park
  • Brown-headed Gull at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-headed Gull at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Gull at Kaziranga National Park
  • Gull-billed Tern at Kaziranga National Park
  • River Tern Sterna at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Tern Sterna at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Tern Sterna at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-bellied Tern at Kaziranga National Park
  • Whiskered Tern at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-Winged Tern at Kaziranga National Park
  • Osprey Pandion at Kaziranga National Park
  • Jerdon’s Baza at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black Baza at Kaziranga National Park
  • Oriental Honey-Buzzard Pernis at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-Shouldered Kite at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black Kite at Kaziranga National Park
  • Brahminy Kite at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pallas’ Fish Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-tailed Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Grey-headed Fish Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-rumped Vulture at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Vulture at Kaziranga National Park
  • Himalayan Griffon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Cinerous Vulture at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-headed Vulture at Kaziranga National Park
  • Short-toed Snake at Kaziranga National Park
  • Crested Serpent Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Eurasian Marsh Harrier at Kaziranga National Park
  • Hen Harrier at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pallid Harrier at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pied Harrier at Kaziranga National Park
  • Montagu’s Harrier at Kaziranga National Park
  • Crested Goshawk at Kaziranga National Park
  • Shikra Accipiter at Kaziranga National Park
  • Japanese Sparrowhawk at Kaziranga National Park
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk at Kaziranga National Park
  • Northern Goshawk at Kaziranga National Park
  • White-eyed Buzzard at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Buzzard at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Spotted Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Greater Spotted Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Steppe Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Imperial Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Booted Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Rufous-bellied Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Changeable Hawk Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Mountain Hawk Eagle at Kaziranga National Park
  • Pied Falconet at Kaziranga National Park
  • Lesser Kestrel at Kaziranga National Park
  • Common Kestrel at Kaziranga National Park
  • Red-necked Falcon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Amur Falcon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Oriental Hobby at Kaziranga National Park
  • Laggar Falcon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Peregrine Falcon at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Grebe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Crested Grebe at Kaziranga National Park
  • Darter Anhinga at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Cormorant at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Cormorant at Kaziranga National Park
  • Great Cormoran at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Egret at Kaziranga National Park
  • Indian Pond Heron at Kaziranga National Park
  • Chinese Pond Heron at Kaziranga National Park
  • Little Heron at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black-crowned Night Heron at Kaziranga National Park
  • Malayan Night Heron at Kaziranga National Park
  • Yellow Bittern at Kaziranga National Park
  • Asian Openbill at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black Stork at Kaziranga National Park
  • Woolly-necked Stork at Kaziranga National Park
  • White stork at Kaziranga National Park
  • Black necked Stork at Kaziranga National Park
  • Lesser Adjutant Stork at Kaziranga National Park
  • Greater adjutant at Kaziranga
  • Painted Stork at Kaziranga
  • Blue-naped Pitta at Kaziranga
  • Indian Pitta at Kaziranga
  • Silver-breasted Broadbail at Kaziranga
  • Asian Fairy Bluebird at Kaziranga
  • Blue-winged Leafbird at Kaziranga
  • Golden-fronted Leafbird at Kaziranga
  • Orange-bellied Leafbird at Kaziranga
  • Brown shrike Lanius at Kaziranga
  • Long-tailed Shrike Lanius at Kaziranga
  • Grey-backed Shrike at Kaziranga
  • Common Green Magpie at Kaziranga
  • Rufous Treepie at Kaziranga
  • Grey Treepie at Kaziranga
  • House Crow Corvous at Kaziranga
  • Large-billed Crow at Kaziranga
  • Ashy Woodswallow at Kaziranga
  • Large Cuckooshrike at Kaziranga
  • Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike at Kaziranga
  • Black-winged Cuckooshrike at Kaziranga
  • Rosy Miniver Pericrocotus at Kaziranga
  • Ashy Miniver Pericrocotus at Kaziranga
  • Small Miniver at Kaziranga
  • Grey-chinned Miniver at Kaziranga
  • Long-tailed Miniver at Kaziranga
  • Short-billed Miniver at Kaziranga
  • Scarlet Miniver Pericrocotus at Kaziranga
  • Bar-winged Flycatcher at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura at Kaziranga
  • White-throated Fantail Rhipidura at Kaziranga
  • White-browed Fantail at Kaziranga
  • Black Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Ashy Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Crow-billed Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Bronzed Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Spangled Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Greater Racket-tailed Drongo at Kaziranga
  • Black-naped Monarch at Kaziranga
  • Asian Paradise-flycatcher at Kaziranga
  • Common Iora at Kaziranga
  • Common Chiffchaff at Kaziranga
  • Dusky Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Smoky Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Tickell’s Leaf Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Lemon-rumped Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-browed Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Greenish Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Large-billed Leaf Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Eastern-crowned warbler at Kaziranga
  • Blyth’s Leaf Warbler (Crowned) at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-vented Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Golden-spectacled Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Grey-hooded Warbler at Kaziranga
  • White-spectacled Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Grey-Cheeked Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Chestnut-crowned Warbler at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-bellied Warbler at Kaziranga
  • White-crested Laughingthrush at Kaziranga
  • Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush at Kaziranga
  • Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush at Kaziranga
  • Rufous-necked Laughingthrush at Kaziranga
  • Abbott’s Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Marsh Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Puff-throated Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Brown-capped Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Large Scimitar Babbler at Kaziranga
  • White-browed Scimtar Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Pygmy Wren Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Rufous-fronted Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Golden Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Grey-throated Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Striped Tit Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Chestnut-capped Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-eyed Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Jerdon’s Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Striated Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Slender-billed Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Jungle Babbler at Kaziranga
  • White-hooded Babbler at Kaziranga
  • Brown-Cheeked Fulvetta at Kaziranga
  • White-bellied Yuhina at Kaziranga
  • Black-breasted Parrotbill at Kaziranga
  • Lesser Whitethroat at Kaziranga
  • Singing Bushlar at Kaziranga
  • Rufous-winged Bushlark at Kaziranga
  • Sand Lark at Kaziranga
  • Oriental Skylark at Kaziranga
  • Thick-billed Flowerpecker at Kaziranga
  • Yellow-vented Flowerpecker at Kaziranga
  • Pale-billed Flowerpecker at Kaziranga
  • Plain Flowerpecker at Kaziranga
  • Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker at Kaziranga
  • Ruby-Cheeked Sunbird at Kaziranga
  • Purple Sunbird at Kaziranga
  • Mrs Gould’s Sunbird at Kaziranga
  • Black-throated Sunbird at Kaziranga
  • Crimson Sunbird at Kaziranga
  • Little Spiderhunter at Kaziranga
  • Streaked Spiderhunter at Kaziranga
  • House Sparrow at Kaziranga
  • Eurasian Tree Sparrow at Kaziranga
  • Russer Sparrow at Kaziranga
  • Forest Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • White Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • White-browed Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • Citrine Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • Yellow Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • Grey Wagtail at Kaziranga
  • Richard’s Pipit at Kaziranga
  • Paddyfield Pipit at Kaziranga
  • Blyth’s Pipit at Kaziranga
  • Olive-backed Pipit at Kaziranga
  • Rosy Pipit at Kaziranga
  • Black-breasted Weaver at Kaziranga
  • Streaked Weaver at Kaziranga
  • Baya Weaver at Kaziranga
  • Finn’s Weaver at Kaziranga
  • Red Avadavat at Kaziranga
  • White-rumped Munia at Kaziranga
  • Scaly-breasted Munia at Kaziranga
  • Black-headed Munia at Kaziranga
  • Littlle Bunting at Kaziranga
  • Yellow breasted Bunting at Kaziranga
  • Black-faced Bunting at Kaziranga
  • Common Rosefinch at Kaziranga

References ~ Wikipedia, orientalbirdclub.org

Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
The Kingfisher Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
The Woodpecker Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Indian Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Awesome Assam Tourism
Kingfisher Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Bird Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

Tips for Birdwatching at Kaziranga National Park ~ Reference www.birdlife.org.au

  • Take your time – don’t rush. By walking slowly you will see more birds, especially the quiet or skulking ones
  • Make sure to listen for birds calling. These records are as valuable as those of birds seen. Take time to follow up unfamiliar calls (never ignore them!)
  • Don’t just record the obvious species (e.g. large birds or birds that are calling vociferously). You should be aware that there will also be less-obvious species present, so look and listen carefully, and make sure to check all likely areas
  • Listen for noises other than bird calls. For example, Crested Shrike-tits are often first detected by the sound of them tearing at bark with their stout beaks; and parrots quietly feeding in the treetops are often first detected by the sound of dropped seed-pods falling to the ground
  • Be quiet. It lets you hear more birds and disturbs them less. However, talk in your normal voice. Never shout, and try not to whisper, as sibilant noises may disturb birds; many species use similar sounds to indicate alarm or aggression
  • Avoid wearing bright clothing or clothing that rustles
  • Be aware that when birdwatching beside a busy road bird calls will be more difficult to hear, as they tend to be drowned out by traffic noise
  • Try to go birdwatching early in the morning. Birds are more active then, and tend to call more often
  • Try to avoid birdwatching on windy days. Wind makes it more difficult to hear birds calling, and they are also less active in these conditions
  • Try to avoid birdwatching on hot days. Birds are inactive during the heat of the day, and are difficult to find. If you must conduct surveys on hot days, do it early in the morning or late in the afternoon, when it is cooler and birds are likely to be more active
  • Try to go birdwatching in small groups; large groups can be divided up into smaller groups
  • Birds are more easily detected in open habitats than in more heavily wooded ones. However, don’t be lulled into a false sense of security in open areas, as cryptic species can be easily missed. In all habitats, take your time and you will see more birds

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the various majestic Avi-Fauna Species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

              +91 7086873676

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Asiatic Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Hotels, Kaziranga Resorts, Kaziranga Rhinoceros, Kazirnanga

The Wild Water Buffalo also called as the Asiatic Buffalo is a large bovine native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has been listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List since 1986, as the remaining population totals less than 4,000. Kaziranga National Park boasts of having the highest population of Asiatic Water Buffalo anywhere in the World!

Wild water buffalo are larger and heavier than domestic buffalo, and weigh from 700 to 1,200 kg. Both sexes carry horns that are heavy at the base and widely spreading along the outer edges, exceeding in size the horns of any other living bovid. Their skin color is ash gray to black.

The Kaziranga National Park harbors a crucial breeding population of the Asiatic Water Buffalo. Grasslands, reed brakes combined with swamps and water-bodies provide an ideal habitat for these animals. Sporting magnificent horns, perhaps the largest among the bovines in the World, the Water Buffalo species at the Kaziranga National Park are formidable opponents and can weigh over 1000 kilograms. Yet Tigers at the Kaziranga National Park have been known to prey on them. Like Elephants and Rhinoceros of Kaziranga, the water buffalo species can be seen grazing in and around Kaziranga’s water bodies in the morning and afternoon. Though they feed predominantly on grass, they have been observed eating water hyacinth as well that grows in abundance at the Kaziranga National Park. They are seldom found far from a reliable water source and often immerse themselves neck deep in water for extended periods. Like Kaziranga’s other animals, the Water Buffalo species seek higher grounds during the monsoon.

Kaziranga National Park Assam, Kaziranga Wildlife Safari, Kaziranga Hotels Resorts
Asiatic Water Buffalo Kaziranga National Park. Image Bitupan Kolong

Wild water buffalo occur in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, and Cambodia, with an unconfirmed population in Myanmar. In India, they are largely restricted to in and around Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary and Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary and in a few scattered pockets in Assam.

Wild water buffalo are both diurnal and nocturnal. Adult females and their young form stable clans of as many as 30 individuals. Clans are led by old cows, even when bulls accompany the group. Several clans form a herd of 30 to 500 animals that gather at resting areas. Adult males form bachelor groups of up to 10 individuals, with older males often being solitary, and spend the dry season apart from the female clans.

Kaziranga National Park animals, One Horned Rhino Kaziranga, Kaziranga Safari
Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park. Image Mauro Roscini
Kaziranga National Park animals, One Horned Rhino Kaziranga, Kaziranga Safari
Asiatic Water Buffalo Skulls at Kohora Safari Range in Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Kaziranga National Park animals, One Horned Rhino Kaziranga, Kaziranga Safari
World Heritage Site Kaziranga National Park in Assam

The Asiatic Water buffalos found at the Kaziranga National Park are both diurnal and nocturnal. On an average, these Asiatic Water Buffaloes have a life span of around 30 years. Bearing an ash color skin these water buffaloes in the wild of Kaziranga National Park have horns larges than any other bovine species on both the male and female sexes. Much heavier than the domestic buffalo species, these water buffaloes can weigh anywhere from 1000 to 1200 kgs. Horns of the Asiatic Water Buffalo are long, flat,massive and triangular and are semi-circular growing in the upward direction.

Group of wild buffaloes are commonly seen as grazing in marshy & grassland areas of Kaziranga National Park as well as crossing the Safari tracks. The Asiatic Water Buffaloes of Kaziranga National Park feed on herbs, fruits, shrubs, crops including rice, sugarcane, and jute. When the herd of these Water buffaloes moves close to human habitation, they can be seen consuming rice, sugarcane, jute etc. and causes often considerable damage. Often it is seen that villagers around the villagers of Kaziranga National Park set up makeshift guarding home to wade of these animals from destroying their crops. Here in Kaziranga National Park the presence of Brahmaputra river and its tributaries perfect area for feeding and surviving comfortably. The Asiatic Water Buffalo of Kaziranga National Park is a terrestrial animal. Wild Buffalo can not be categorized into diurnal or nocturnal as they remain active in day and night as well. They can be spotted in group of 20 to 25 buffaloes grazing together. Several groups can be seen together often in a resting area where their strength could go up to 500 wild buffaloes. These water buffaloes can be seen in places of Kaziranga National Park where there are water bodies. Wild buffalo usually seen grazing in early morning and later evening hours. They can even go on grazing after sunset due to which they are put in both category diurnal and nocturnal. Scents and hearing capacity of these buffaloes is well developed but eyesight is weak. They are not wandering animal by in dry season may move from one area to another. They don’t even hesitate to go close to human habitation and often enter into cultivated fields. Males are more aggressive than female and sometime even attack without any provocation depending upon they mood. Female show aggressive behavior when she is with calf and can even face tiger in boldly way. Their paring season is towards the end of rainfall season at Kaziranga National Park.

Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Asiatic Water Buffalo at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image Damodar Boruah
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Asiatic Water Buffalo Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park Tour, Kaziranga Birds, Visit to Kaziranga Sivasagar
Asiatic Water Buffalo Species at the Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the Asiatic Water Buffalo Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Contact us: 

EMAIL: info@jungleideas.com

Phone: +91 7086009708

              +91 7086873676 

Fauna at Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Hotels, Kaziranga Resorts, Kaziranga Rhinoceros, Awesome Assam

Kaziranga National Park is a wild breeding area for multiple species of Large Cats and is also known as the Home of the Big Five (5) Cat Species.The five (5) Cat Species known to prowl across the dense Jungles of the National Park are Indian Tigers, Leopards, Jungle Cat, Fishing cat and the Leopard Cat. Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world, with a population of 118. Kaziranga National Park is India’s most densely populated Tiger Reserve. Kaziranga’s mix of habitats, which has given rise to such a diversity and density of herbivores, directly benefits Tigers and Leopards. In most Indian forests, Tigers wait at dawn and dusk for herbivores to come and drink at waterholes. The Tigers of the Kaziranga National Park are however unlikely to use this strategy, since water is distributed freely throughout the park.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Wild Elephants Herd at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Considered to be a child of the mighty river Brahmaputra, the biosphere of the Kaziranga Reserve is one of the most beautiful ecosystems in the World. The rivers and their tributaries flowing across the length of the Kaziranga National Park result in large reserve forests and tall elephant grass that harbour home to a wide variety of insects, birds and animals. Kaziranga National Park is a magical land that brings to mind promptly the picture of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros – a name the inspires pride and awe in the hearts and minds of the people of Assam. Kaziranga is also a tiger and elephant country where one can also hear the hoolock gibbons calling. Asiatic water buffalo, swamp deer, sambar, hog deers also reside in the dense jungles and forest reserves of Kaziranga. But more than the sight of a rhino, tiger or elephant, it is Kaziranga’s indestructible peace and quiet magic that fill the heart and soul of any visitor here.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Rhino, Kaziranga Tour, Kaziranga Hotels Resorts
The Royal Bengal Tiger at the Agoratoli Range of Kaziranga ~ Kaziranga National Park ~ Assam ~ India.

Small mammals at the Kaziranga National Park include the rare Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badger and particoloured Flying Squirrel.

Nine of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the Kaziranga National Park. Prominent among them are the Assamese Macaque, Capped and Golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon.The Hoolock Gibbons at the Kaziranga National Park can be sighted in the misty and moist forests of Panbari. The striking white brow and black pelage of the males is distinctive while female Gibbons are lighter in shade. The female Hoolock Gibbon species can be seen carrying young ones either on their backs or under their arms as they move across Treetops of Kaziranga.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
The Indian One Horned Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Krishna Kinkar

At the Kaziranga National Park, there are over 500 swamp deers, the largest population in Eastern India. Swamp Deer grasslands with reed brakes and patches of forest. The animals frequent open areas around the water bodies of Kaziranga. These swamp deers can be identified by their trademark antlers and rich chestnut brown coats. These swamp deers form gregarious herds that break up during the rut. Kaziranga’s wetlands are most suited to the deer’s need to cool off in mud wallows in summer.

Small Sambar herds comprising hinds and young can be seen at the Kaziranga National Park. They frequent the edges of lakes and shallow streams and can be seen wallowing in muddy pools. Estimated to number over 5000, Kaziranga National Park’s most abundant deer species is the Hog Deer. These delicate animals prefer reed beds and grasslands. Barking Deer species is also present at the Kaziranga National Park particularly in the well-watered forested areas.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Burmese Python in the Wild at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Krishna Kinkar

Kaziranga National Park harbours the World’s largest population of Indian Rhinoceros(Rhinoceros unicornis) and Asiatic Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and provides optimal habitat for Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) to attain their highest ecological density. Other mammals include Capped Langur (Presbytis pileatus), Hoolock Gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica), Otter (Lutra lutra), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Gaur(Bos gaurus), Sambar(Cervus unicolor), Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli), Hog Deer (Axis porcinus), Barking Deer(Muntiacus muntjak), Common langur ( Presbytis entellus), Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis), Grey Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Indian Porcupine(Hystrix indica), Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha), Small Indian Civet(Viverricula indica), Common Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii), Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus), Indian Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Jackal (Canis aureus), Himalayan Mole (Euroscaptor micrura), Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata), Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), European Otter (Lutra lutra),  Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris), Eastern Mole(Talpa micrura), Hoary-bellied or Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus), Malayan Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor), Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata), Squirrel(Dremnonys lokriah), Bats(various species) etc.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Wild Elephants Herd by a water hole at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Wild Pigs at the Kaziranga National Park can be seen digging for roots and tubers. They are found in both the forested areas and grasslands of Kaziranga.

In addition to mammals, Kaziranga National Park is home to an incredible diversity of insects, arachnids, reptiles and amphibians.

Some of the amphibian species of Kaziranga National Park are Red-eyed frog (Leptobrachium smithi), Myanmar pelobatidae toad (Megophrys parva), Asian common toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus), Indian hylid frog (Hyla annectans), Ornate narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla ornata), Annadale’s tree frog (Chiromantis simus), Red narrow-mouthed frog (Microhyla rubra), Flat-headed frog (Limnonectes laticeps), Indian bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus), Twin-spotted tree frog (Rhacophorus bipunctatus), Large tree frog (Rhacophorus maximus), Warty tree frog (Theloderma asperum), Indian skipping frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis), Cricket frog (Fejervarya cf. limnocharis), Northern frog (Ingerana borealis), Leaf frog (Hylarana tytleri), Long-tongued frog (Hylarana leptoglossa), etc.

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Highly endangered Assam Roofed top Turtle at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Reptiles found at Kaziranga National Park are Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Asian giant tortoise (Manouria emys), Indian Softshell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica), Indian peacock softshell turtle (Nilssonia hurum), Black softshell turtle (Nilssonia nigricans), Indian narrow-headed softshell turtle (Chitra indica), Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata andersoni), Southeast asian box turtle (Cuora amboinensis), Spotted pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), Crowned river turtle (Hardella thurjii), Brown roofed turtle (Pangshura smithii), Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis), Indian roofed turtle (Pangshura tectum), Indian tent turtle, Brahminy worm snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), Daird’s worm snake (Typhlops diardii), Burmese python (Python molurus bivittatus), Common vine snake (Ahaetulla prasina), Striped keelback (Amphiesma stolatum), Eastern cat snake (Boiga gokool), Siamese cat snake (Boiga siamensis), Green cat snake (Boiga cyanea), Copper-headed trinket snake (Coelognathus radiatus), Common trinket snake (Coelognathus helena helena), Painted bronzeback tree snake (Dendrelaphis pictus), Common wolf snake (Lycodon aulicus), Yellow-speckled wolf snake (Lycodon jara), Mock viper (Psammodynastes pulverulentus), Indo-Chinese rat snake (Ptyas korros), Indian rat snake (Ptyas mucosa), Red necked keelback (Rhabdophis subminiatus), Checkered keelback (Xenochrophis piscator), Banded krait (Bungarus fasciatus), Monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia), King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), White-lipped pit viper (Trimeresurus albolabris), Indian garden lizard (Calotes versicolor), Flat tailed gecko (Hemidactylus platyurus), Assamese day gecko (Cnemaspis assamensis), Khasi hill bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus khasiensis), Asian house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), Little grass skink (Eutropis macularia), Himalayan litter skink (Sphenomorphus indicus), Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis), Yellow monitor (Varanus flavescens), Water monitor (Varanus salvator).

Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Indian Monitor Lizards at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India
Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India. Image – Mauro Roscini
Kaziranga National Park, Kaziranga Animals, Kaziranga Rhinos, Kaziranga Tigers, Kaziranga
Indian Rhinoceros with its prized horn at Kaziranga National Park ~ Kaziranga ~ Assam ~ India

Kaziranga’s rivers are also home to the Endangered Ganges dolphin.

 

So why wait?! Plan your visit to spot the varied Fauna species at the Kaziranga National Park, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

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